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Home BIOGRAPHIES Independence INDEPENDENCE / IGNACIO ALLENDE

INDEPENDENCE / IGNACIO ALLENDE

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Ignacio Allende (1769 - 1811)

 

I
gnacio Allende, a Creole, was born in San Miguel el Grande, Guanajuato, and joined the Spanish army in New Spain in 1802. He was a captain when he began meeting with Miguel Hidalgo, Juan Aldama, Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez and her husband and mayor of Querétaro, Miguel Domínguez, to plot against Spanish rule.

 

Ignacio Allende (1769 - 1811)


                     After Hidalgo’s “Grito (call) de Dolores” on September 16, 1810 that began the War of Independence, Allende fought under him as his lieutenant for the first months of the struggle. However, after a major defeat in the battle of the Bridge of Calderón near Guadalajara in January 1811, Allende replaced Hidalgo, who as a priest had no military experience, as leader of the revolutionary forces.


                     Allende led the troops north, looking for more men, weapons and money but in July 1811 they were betrayed and ambushed at Acatita de Baján, Coahuila, by Ignacio Elizondo, a former revolutionary who had gone over to the royalists.

 

                     Ignacio Allende, Miguel Hidalgo, José Mariano Jiménez and Juan Aldama were executed by a firing squad in Chihuahua.


                     Allende is a national hero; his birthplace San Miguel el Grande is now named San Miguel de Allende in his honor.


 

 

 


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