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INDEPENDENCE / JUAN DE O'DONOJÚ

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JUAN DE O´DONOJÚ (1762 - 1821)

 

J
uan de O’Donojú was the 63rd and last viceroy of New Spain. He held the post from August 3 to September 27, 1821. Of Irish descent, he was born in Seville and died in Mexico. Lieutenant general and a high officer of the Masons, he arrived in Mexico appointed by Spain’s Overseas Ministry as captain general and jefe político superior, which gave him the authority but not the official title of viceroy. 

 

JUAN DE O´DONOJÚ (1762 - 1821)

 

               Juan de O’Donojú was the 63rd and last viceroy of New Spain. He held the post from August 3 to September 27, 1821. Of Irish descent, he was born in Seville and died in Mexico. Lieutenant general and a high officer of the Masons, he arrived in Mexico appointed by Spain’s Overseas Ministry as captain general and jefe político superior, which gave him the authority but not the official title of viceroy.



               He was sworn into his position in Veracruz and, aware that Agustín de Iturbide controlled almost the entire country, he signed with him the Treaties of Córdoba on August 27, 1821 that ended the War of Independence, “undoing, but not breaking, the ties that unite the two continents.”


               O’Donojú prevailed over the irregularly-appointed Francisco Novella, entering Mexico City on September 26 and handing the city over the next day to Iturbide. On September 28, 1821 he, as a member of the provisional governing junta, participated in declaring Mexico’s independence. He died of pleurisy shortly thereafter.

 


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