México 2010 / English version

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ROUTE 2010

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T
he historical events that we will commemorate in 2010 took place over a very extensive geographical area. For those individuals interested in retracing the military campaigns, here we describe just six of the routes involved: three for the Independence movement and three for the Mexican Revolution. The routes were planned based on the accessibility of the chosen destinations using the federal highway system. Both non-toll roads and toll roads administered by CAPUFE (the Federal Toll Roads and Bridges Agency) are included.

The Communications and Transportation Ministry will post signs along these routes. This will be done in stages so that in 2010 all of the routes are marked. The Tourism Ministry will provide information for tourists that will be available at strategic points along the highways. The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) will reinforce its offices along the routes where there are historic sites, museums and monuments in its charge. All of the historical and geographical information, along with the corresponding maps, will be available on the bicentennial web page.

In addition, special signs that say Mexico is My Museum will be installed at the most important points along the routes so that the public can learn more about the sites and their roles in the historical events of the Independence movement and the Revolution. A one-minute message about the location will be available by calling a 1-800 number from any telephone.

Some of the places along the routes have a different name now than they did during the Independence movement and the Revolution. We have used their current names in order to make it easy to locate them on a map.

Routes of the Independence Movement

1. The Freedom Route

T
his route—inaugurated by President Adolfo López Mateos in 1960 to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the beginning of the Independence movement—follows the progress of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla from the town of Dolores to Chihuahua. For the 200th anniversary, we propose to expand the route by including sites associated with Father Hidalgo’s main collaborators.

MIGUEL HIDALGO Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Corralejo Guanajuato Acámbaro Guanajuato
Querétaro Querétaro Monte de las Cruces México
Dolores Hidalgo Guanajuato Aculco México
Atotonilco Guanajuato Guadalajara Jalisco
San Miguel de Allende Guanajuato Puente de Calderón Jalisco
Guanajuato Guanajuato Pabellón de Hidalgo Aguascalientes
Morelia Michoacán Acatita de Baján Coahuila
Charo-Indaparapeo Michoacán Chihuahua Chihuahua

José Antonio Torres Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Zacoalco Jalisco Puente de Calderón Jalisco
Guadalajara Jalisco Guadalajara Jalisco

José María Mercado Download map (PDF)

City

State

San Blas Nayarit

José María González de Hermosillo Download map (PDF)

City

State

El Rosario Sinaloa

Francisco Osorno Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Zacatlán Puebla Apan Hidalgo
Pachuca Hidalgo

Ignacio Rayón Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Tlalpujahua Michoacán Huichapan Hidalgo
Zitácuaro Michoacán La Jaujilla Michoacán

2. The Sentiments of the Nation Route

T
his route is based on the military campaigns led by José María Morelos y Pavón and his collaborators in the states of Michoacán, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Morelos, Mexico, Puebla, Veracruz and Chiapas. The route reflects Morelos’ military strategy of dividing his army into several sections commanded by individuals such as Mariano Matamoros, the Galeana brothers, the Bravo family, Guadalupe Victoria, Vicente Guerrero, Manuel Mier y Terán and others, and following a model of total war in the center and the south of the country. Also included is the route followed by Xavier Mina. Although he plays his role after Morelos’ death, militarily he was subject to the authority created by Morelos. The heroic efforts of the Mezcala rebels at the Laguna de Chapala also deserve to be commemorated on these routes.

JOSÉ MA. MORELOS Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Carácuaro Michoacán Oaxaca Oaxaca
Nocupétaro Michoacán Acapulco Guerrero
Charo-Indaparapeo Michoacán Chilpancingo Guerrero
Tecpan de Galeana Guerrero Morelia Michoacán
Chichihualco Guerrero Puruarán Michoacán
Chilpancingo Guerrero Ario de Rosales Michoacán
Tixtla Guerrero Apatzingán Michoacán
Cuautla Morelos Temalac Guerrero
Tehuacán Puebla Ciudad de México Distrito Federal
Orizaba Veracruz San Cristóbal Ecatepec México

Nicolás Bravo Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Chichihualco Guerrero Coscomatepec Veracruz
San Agustín del Palmar Puebla Morelia Michoacán
Medellín Veracruz Puruarán Michoacán
Puente Nacional Veracruz Cóporo (Zitácuaro) Michoacán

Vicente Guerrero Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Tixtla Guerrero Acapulco Guerrero
Izúcar de Matamoros Puebla Acatlán Puebla
Tehuantepec Oaxaca Teloloapan Guerrero
Santa Cruz Huatulco Oaxaca Cuilapam Oaxaca

Hermenegildo Galeana Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Tecpan de Galeana Guerrero Acapulco Guerrero
Chichihualco Guerrero Roqueta Guerrero
Tixtla Guerrero Fuerte de San Diego Guerrero
Taxco Guerrero Morelia Michoacán
Toluca México Puruarán Michoacán
Cuautla Morelos El Salitral (Coyuca) Guerrero
Oaxaca Oaxaca

Guadalupe Victoria

City

State

City

State

Cuautla Morelos Boquilla de Piedra Veracruz
Oaxaca Oaxaca Huatusco Veracruz
Puente Nacional Veracruz Perote Veracruz

Mariano Matamoros

City

State

City

State

Jantetelco Morelos San Agustín del Palmar Puebla
Izúcar de Matamoros Puebla Tonalá Chiapas
Cuautla Morelos Morelia Michoacán
Oaxaca Oaxaca Puruarán Michoacán
Yanhuitlán Oaxaca Morelia Michoacán

Manuel Mier y Terán Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Zitácuaro Michoacán Huajuapan de León Oaxaca
Oaxaca Oaxaca Tehuacán Puebla

Xavier Mina Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Soto la Marina Tamaulipas El Sombrero Guanajuato
Peotillos San Luis Potosí Los Remedios Guanajuato

Marcos Castellanos y Encarnación Rosas (Chapala)

City

State
Isla de Mezcala Jalisco

3. The Route of the Army of Three Guarantees Download map (PDF)

T
his is the route taken by Agustín de Iturbide from Iguala to Mexico City in 1821 to consolidate Mexico’s independence.

City

State

City

State

Iguala Guerrero Querétaro Querétaro
Acatempan Guerrero Puebla Puebla
Teloloapan Guerrero Azcapotzalco Distrito Federal
San Juan del Río Querétaro Córdoba Veracruz
Ciudad de México Distrito Federal


Routes of the Revolution

1. The Route of Democracy (Francisco I. Madero) Download map (PDF)

T
his route follows the triumphal path of Francisco I. Madero in 1911 from Ciudad Juárez to Mexico City.

City

State

City

State

Parras Coahuila Torreón Coahuila
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí Zacatecas Zacatecas
Ciudad Juárez Chihuahua Aguascalientes Aguascalientes
Piedra Negras Coahuila León Guanajuato
San Pedro de las Colonias Coahuila Ciudad de México Distrito Federal
Lecumberri Distrito Federal

2. The Zapatista Route

T
his route encompasses the theater of operations of the Liberation Army of the South in the states of Morelos, Puebla, Mexico and the Federal District.

City

State

City

State

Anenecuilco Morelos Cuernavaca Morelos
Jonacatepec Morelos Tlaltizapán Morelos
Cuautla Morelos Xochimilco Distrito Federal
Yautepec Morelos Cd. de México Distrito Federal
Ayoxuxtla Puebla Chinameca Morelos
Jojutla Morelos

3. The Route of the Constitutionalist Revolution

T
his route is based on the political and military actions taken by four individuals in the north of the country. Venustiano Carranza

City

State

City

State

Cuatrociénegas Coahuila Chihuahua Chihuahua
Saltillo Coahuila Ciudad de México Distrito Federal
Monclova Coahuila Veracruz Veracruz
Hacienda de Guadalupe Coahuila Querétaro Querétaro
Hermosillo Sonora Tlaxcalantongo Puebla

Álvaro Obregón Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Hacienda de Siquisiva, Navojoa Sonora Tepic Nayarit
Nogales Sonora Orendáin Jalisco
Cananea Sonora Guadalajara Jalisco
Naco Sonora Colima Colima
Guaymas Sonora Teoloyucan México
Culiacán Sinaloa Ciudad de México Distrito Federal
Topolobampo Sinaloa Aguascalientes Aguascalientes
Mazatlán Sinaloa Celaya Guanajuato
San Ángel Distrito Federal

Francisco Villa Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

San Juan del Río Durango San Pedro de las Colonias Coahuila
Hacienda de la Loma Durango Zacatecas Zacatecas
Ciudad Juárez Chihuahua Aguascalientes Aguascalientes
Tierra Blanca Chihuahua Ciudad de México Distrito Federal
Chihuahua Chihuahua Sabinas Coahuila
Torreón Coahuila Canutillo Durango
Hidalgo del Parral Chihuahua

Pablo González Download map (PDF)

City

State

City

State

Lampazos Nuevo León Tampico Tamaulipas
Monclova Coahuila Saltillo Coahuila
Candela Coahuila San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí
Ciudad Victoria Tamaulipas Querétaro Querétaro
Matamoros Tamaulipas Ciudad de México Distrito Federal
Monterrey Nuevo León Aguascalientes Aguascalientes
 


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