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Home BIOGRAPHIES Independence INDEPENDENCE / LEONA VICARIO

INDEPENDENCE / LEONA VICARIO

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Leona Vicario (1789 - 1842)

 

L
eona Vicario, a heroine of the War of Independence, was born in Mexico City and left an orphan at a young age. She was brought up by her uncle, Agustín Pomposo Fernández de San Salvador, a lawyer whose office employed Andrés Quintana Roo.

 

Leona Vicario (1789 - 1842)

 

                     When the War of Independence erupted, Leona Vicario provided the rebels with money from her own funds, as well as information about the political and military activities in the capital city. She tried to persuade the best armorers and gunsmiths from Vizcaya to join the rebels. For this, and for refusing to name her accomplices, she was imprisoned in the Belén de las Mochas convent. She escaped with the aid of Colonels Antonio Vázquez Aldarna and Luis Alconedo and fled in disguise to Oaxaca, where she found José María Morelos. She accompanied the rebel army, which suffered several defeats shortly thereafter, experiencing great difficulties and discomforts.
 

 
                     She contributed more than eighty thousand pesos of her own money to the cause of independence and her goods were confiscated. In 1822, by Congressional decree, she was given as compensation the Ocotepec Hacienda in the plains of Apam. During the struggle for independence, she married Andrés Quintana Roo. She died where she was born, in Mexico City.

 

 

 

 

 


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