México 2010 / English version

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Guadalupe Victoria (1786-1843)


uadalupe Victoria, the first president of Mexico, was born in Villa de Tamazula, in the province of Nueva Vizcaya (today the state of Durango). His original name was Miguel Fernández Félix, which he changed to Guadalupe Victoria. He studied at the Durango Seminary and in Mexico City at the College of San Ildefonso.



Guadalupe Victoria



                     He left the city in order to join the independence movement. He fought as an ally of Morelos, and he had a prominent role in taking Oaxaca, on November 25th, 1812, which is when he decided to change his name.


                     Most of the action in which Victoria was involved took place on and around the road to Veracruz, and he had his headquarters at Puente del Rey until 1815. After his defeat in Palmillas in 1817, he hid because he never accepted amnesty. He reappeared with the Plan of Iguala. After Mexico was proclaimed a republic, Guadalupe Victoria joined Antonio López de Santa Anna in Veracruz to overthrow the Empire.


                     Previously a member of Congress representing Durango, he was the first individual to be elected President of Mexico. He was president from October 10th, 1824, to March 21, 1829.


                     During his term, a treaty with Great Britain was signed and San Juan de Ulúa Castle—the last Spanish stronghold—surrendered. Slavery was abolished, the National Museum was founded, and education was promoted as well.
After his presidential term, he retired to his estate “El Jobo” in Veracruz. He had an epilepsy seizure, and he was taken to Perote Castle to be treated, but he died and was buried there. Congress declared him a national hero on August 25, 1843.


                     His remains were moved to Puebla in 1863, and later to the Column of Independence, in Mexico City.




Bicentenario en Español


Presidencia english version