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Home BIOGRAPHIES Independence INDEPENDENCE / FRANCISCO PRIMO DE VERDAD

INDEPENDENCE / FRANCISCO PRIMO DE VERDAD

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Francisco Primo de Verdad (1760-1808)



B
orn in Ciénega del Rincón, Aguascalientes, Francisco Primo de Verdad was a lawyer of the Royal Audiencia (appellate court) and a prominent member of the College of Lawyers.

 

Francisco Primo de Verdad (1760-1808)



               In 1808 he was a member of the Mexico City Council. When the news arrived that the French had invaded Spain and captured the royal family, he suggested to alderman (regidor) Juan Francisco Azcárate that the Viceroy should call on every official in New Spain in order to establish a provisional government supported by the people.



               Francisco Primo de Verdad argued that, in the absence of a monarch, sovereignty had returned to the people, and he advocated the need to organize a provisional government. He suggested that Viceroy Iturrigaray and the junta should swear allegiance to Ferdinand VII as the one and only king of Spain and the Indies, and he tried to convince them to commit to not recognizing any monarch other than one of Bourbons descent, defending the Kingdom of New Spain, and not surrendering to any power or person outside of the legitimate royal family.



               The coup led by Gabriel Yermo ended with the fall of Iturrigaray, and Verdad was imprisoned in the jail of the archdiocese, where he was found dead on the morning of October 4, 1808. It is not clear if he suffered an accident or if he was hung or poisoned, as was said then. Historians such as Lucas Alamán deny the rumor, saying that Verdad was visited and assisted by his family, then buried by his friends in the chapel of the Sanctuary of Guadalupe.

 


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