México 2010 / English version

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FELIPE ÁNGELES (1869-1919)

orn in Zacualtipán in the state of Hidalgo, Felipe Ángeles enters the Military College at the age of 14. He is an exceptional student and specializes in artillery. He stays on as a teacher and director, and is considered one of the most distinguished technicians that the Mexican Army has ever had.


FELIPE ÁNGELES (1869-1919)


               During Porfirio Díaz’ regime, he is sent to France to continue his studies. He serves President Madero, fights Zapata’s movement and tries to pursue a conciliatory policy.


               Felipe Ángeles is commissioned to fight against the rebels during the violent rally led by Huerta, Félix Díaz, and Mondragón that becomes known as the “Ten Tragic Days.” He is arrested along with Madero and Pino Suárez; after their deaths, a European commission is invented for him to remove him from Mexico.


               In 1913, Ángeles joins the Constitutionalist revolution. He is made undersecretary of war, but his appointment is not well received, especially by Álvaro Obregón. Thus, Felipe Ángeles is commissioned to serve Francisco Villa in 1914. He combines his tactical and strategic knowledge with Villa’s guerrilla genius to achieve the most outstanding victories of the Revolution.


               The second battle of Torreón—and particularly of Zacatecas—show Felipe Ángeles’ military talent. As Villa’s delegate in the Aguascalientes Convention, he follows the guerrilla leader when the revolutionaries split.


               Felipe Ángeles leaves Mexico and returns in 1919 to fight Carranza. He is imprisoned and court-martialed in Chihuahua. On November 26, 1919, he is sentenced to death and executed.




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